This blood sugar is regulated by physiological processes to maintain adequate levels, but what is hyperglycemia? This is called when these processes suffer from a problem, allowing an excessive level of glucose in the blood of not being properly, could eventually lead to serious health problems.
How it is produced and regulates glucose
The process begins when we eat carbohydrates, an enzyme called amylase that breaks down into glucose. Then travels through the digestive system to the small intestine, where it enters the bloodstream eventually.
When the pancreas detects the presence of glucose begins to produce insulin, a hormone that binds to glucose and whose amalgam is the essential energy for body cells.
Insulin also transported to the liver, excess glucose, which is stored as glycogen for future use. This simple process is the natural way to reduce glucose levels in the blood.
Causes of hyperglycemia
But like any process, it may fail and lead to hyperglycemia, one of the main causes of diabetes. Faced with this disease, the body can not regulate the levels of blood glucose, either by the inability to produce insulin in type 1 diabetes, or insulin itself, but showing resistance to the hormone by cells of the pancreas in diabetes Type 2.
Other causes of hyperglycemia can be kidney failure, inflammation of the pancreas syndrome and pancreatic cancer, hyperthyroidism and Cushing's disease.
For cases of moderate hyperglycemia, conducting exercises and physical activities is a great way to burn and reduce the amount of glucose in the blood, besides following a proper diet and very healthy, low in sugar content.
While in the case of high blood sugar high will require treatment with intravenous fluids and electrolyte replacement, commonly used application of insulin to reduce insulin levels in the blood.
When balance is achieved glucose levels normal, you start to address the real cause of hyperglycemia.
Complications of hyperglycemia
If not treated early, hyperglycemia can cause serious disruptions to the body, being in some cases irreversible, such as bone problems, joint and dermal, heart disease, kidney damage and eye problems and may cause cataracts, cloudy lens and even blindness.
In cases of hyperglycemia due to diabetes, major complications may occur as the accumulation of ketones, toxic substances capable of producing a state of coma or even death.
Controlling blood sugar levels is very important to prevent one case of hyperglycemia and even diabetes, so a quick and simple blood tests to examine your sufficient amounts of glucose.
Remember that a medical consultation time can get to save your life.
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