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How are diseases transmitted?

diseases Many times we become ill, despite a healthy life and feel stronger. At those times we wonder, how did I get? There are different modes of transmission of diseases, it is important to know in order to prevent from diseases common to the most severe. Therefore, in Makeufits we tell you how they are transmitted diseases.

Routes of transmission of disease

We can get viruses, bacteria, protozoa, parasites and fungi, ie infectious agents through different ways, which are grouped into what are called "modes of transmission of diseases." Thus, we can acquire these infections through all body fluids including saliva, respiratory secretions, semen and vaginal fluids, feces and blood.

Let us now look in more detail how we can get sick.

Fecal-oral transmission. You may consume food contaminated with feces because the food handlers did not wash hands thoroughly. This is serious when we eat in restaurants or casinos that do not maintain appropriate hygiene measures. Thus, we can infect diseases such as hepatitis, cholera, or parasitic diseases.

Respiratory transmission: How many times have you caught the flu? Surely many times in your life, what happens when someone sneezes near us, or transferred their secretions on the hands and we take them to the nose.

Salivary transmission. Similar to the breath, if you are in contact with the saliva of a sick person can be infected quickly. It is therefore important that when we are ill, sick not become aware of others and wash our well our covered and avoid drinking from the cup of another person, and we cover ourselves mouth when sneezing.

Sexual transmission. This route of transmission of disease is very common. Through it we can spread viral diseases, bacterial and fungal infections, mainly because it is advisable to have a single partner, or to take reservations as condom use to protect our health.

Blood transfusion. Another way of disease transmission is through blood, either by blood transfusion or by blood to blood contact, for example if you have a wound in one hand and touch the blood of another person. This is of great importance in diseases such as HIV, because if we risk our blood contact with a sick, we can spread.

Hand hygiene

In order to prevent infectious diseases, we must have proper hand hygiene and not worry take your hands dirty in the eyes or mouth. It is also useful alcohol gel, which can be purchased and carried in your pocket, or soaps that are sold to kill many viruses and bacteria. Especially in children this is of great importance, as they have more contact with the earth, we must teach them to acquire the habit of washing their hands frequently.

Some considerations

The virus can be transmitted through the mucous membranes of our body, such as ocular, nasal or genital, so we must be careful washing our hands thoroughly, knowing if the other person with whom we interact is sick and taking care of our hygiene.

But our body has many barriers and ways to fight infectious agents, so it's not that we become sick freaks to avoid, but we take some precautions and hygiene standards that will help us maintain our health.

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