When we speak of torticollis we refer to a twisting of the neck where the head tipped to one side while the chin does the other. Torticollis can be acquired through heredity or acquired during childhood or adulthood.
Some of the symptoms of torticollis are enlarged neck muscles, shoulder elevation on the affected side, stiff neck muscles, neck pain and headaches and a limited range of motion.
The treatment for torticollis Congenital is stretching the shortened neck muscle. In the case of infants and children passive stretching and positioning. In the event that no result can opt for a surgical cutting of the muscle.
In the case of torticollis acquired must identify the cause of the disorder. Applying heat or perform massage can relieve neck pain and headaches. Stretching exercises or the use of a collar can also help reduce muscle spasms.
Treatment for torticollis may also include the use of anticholinergic drugs (baclofen). These are effective to temporarily relieve the torticollis. However, we should repeat the dose every three months. Surgical treatments, on the other hand, are rarely used.
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